Les Rituels Soufis À Multan Du XIXe Siècle À Nos Jours
Une Étude Du Sharh Mufaṣṣal Qawl-i Faṣl Fī Al-Bayʻa Wa Al-Samāʻ de Maulānā ʻUbaydullāh Multānī (m. 1305/1888) Et Son Héritage Aujourd'hui
The present study discusses the Sufi rituals in Multan performed by the Chishtiyya ʻUbaydiyya order from the 19th century to the present. Drawing from a treatise written by ʻUbaydullāh Multānī, the eponymous master, the study explores both bayʻa (initiation ritual) and samāʻ (spiritual concert) from the doctrinal perspective of the author and from the practical point of view of contemporary Chishtī ʻUbaydī shaykhs. I discuss in detail ʻUbaydullāh's concept of both bayʻa and samāʻ according to his treatise. In order to do so, I strove to restore the text of Sharḥ Mufaṣṣal Qawl-i faṣl fi l-Bayʻa wa-l-Samāʻ by a comprehensive study of its manuscript. Sharḥ Mufaṣṣal is one of the most significant works of ʻUbaydullāh in which he tried to reinterpret the rules and regulations of bayʻa and samāʻ in a way that integrates sharīʻa with ṭarīqat.